Alexander Alexandrovich Deineka
- Order of Lenin (1964)
- Academician of the Academy of the USSR (1947)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1963)
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1969)
Alexander Deineka was a prominent Soviet Russian artist who expressed himself in various visual forms such as paintings, drawings, graphic arts, frescoes, mosaics and sculpture. He is well-known for being one of the most important founders of Social Realism. Deineka undeniably can be defined as one of the most significant figures amongst Russian modernist figurative artists of the first half of the 20th century. His style was evolving throughout his entire artistic career and often went through quite radical changes and developments especially in the 1920s, 1930s, and during 1940s-1960s. Nikolai Yerishev, one of Deineka's students at the Surikov Art Institute described the artist: 'Deineka, as I see it now, was a hostage of the [political] systems; as a person incredibly gifted and, most importantly, sensitive to the spirit of the times, he was driven by an ambition to create a new, Soviet style of art ... based on the cult of health, sport, labour and what followed from it - a new life, new family, new way of life. <...> Alexander Alexandrovich Deineka was a leader. He could not see himself as anything other than that. Deineka was either revered or loathed'.