Alexei Fedorovich Pakhomov
- The winner of the Stalin prize of the second degree (1946)
- Laureate of the State prize of the USSR (1973; 1991)
- Full member of the USSR Academy of Arts (1964)
- People's artist of the USSR (1971)
Alexei Pakhomov was a successful, well-known, popular Soviet graphic artist; a talented illustrator of classical Russian literature, as well as books for children and young adults; an imaginative painter and sculptor; a teacher and Professor. The artist can be attributed to the representatives of the Leningrad school of painting. Pakhomov was one of the founders of the Soviet illustrated literature, and thanks to his unsurpassed skill in this field, he has made a significant contribution to the development of not only the Soviet artistic culture but also has taken an honourable place in the world history of art among the virtuosos of graphics. The artist was a master of ink, watercolour, graphite pencil, pen and brush, creating bustling with life, expressive, emotional works. For many years Pakhomov was doing illustrations for children's magazines "Hedgehog" (Еж), "Campfire" (Костер), "Siskin" (Чиж). He has become particularly recognised by the public after the creation of a series of lithographs and paintings "Leningrad at the time of the war and blockade", which brought the State prize of the USSR to the artist in 1946. Alexei Fedorovich was born on October 2, 1900, in the village of Varlamovo of Kadnikovsky County, in the Vologda province. From early childhood, the boy has been fond of drawing, and his parents supported his interest. Pakhomov was fortunate enough to find generous and empathetic benefactors represented by the members of the local nobility, a family that appreciated the power of art. Thanks to the Zubov family, who have acknowledged the talent of the future artist, Pakhomov was sent to the Primary school in Kadnikov, and in 1915, to the School of Technical Drawing of Baron Alexander von Stieglitz, where he studied until 1917. A difficult period, the year of 1918, Pakhomov spent in his native Kadnikov, where he has got a place of a school teacher. Alexei Fedorovich continued his artistic education at the faculty of painting in Vkhutemas (Higher Art and Technical Studios) in the period from 1919 to 1925, in the studio of N. A. Tyrsa. V. V. Pakhomov was also tremendously influenced by another mentor V. V. Lebedev, whose drawings for children's books and ROSTA posters (ROSTA Windows) have seemed perfect to the young artist. Among other significant Pakhomov's teachers were M. V. Dobuzhinsky, S. V. Chehonin, V. I. Shukhaev.
Since 1925, Alexei Fedorovich has begun working in the editorial office of the children's department of the state publishing house. It was no coincidence that the topic of childhood has come to Pakhomov's art. Ever since he was young, the future artist has made drawings from nature, portrayed fellow villagers - local children, observing their curious poses, dynamics of movement, behavioural patterns. Alexei Fedorovich's work is diverse, as well as artistic means that he used. In the early stages of his artistic career, Pakhomov devoted a lot of time to painting. From 1926 to 1932 he was a member of the artistic society "Circle of artists". Alexei Fedorovich was inspired by the socialist reality; he was attracted to the theme of the village and collectivisation, factory work and the use of technological progress for the benefit of the state. These reflections are expressed in such series of paintings as "Sower", "Beautiful Mecha", as well as in works like "Pioneers with the individual" (1931). In the 1930s, the artist was engaged in agitation art (agitprop). During the war, Pakhomov was working on the artistic tasks that were commissioned by the military department; he did not interrupt his activities during the Leningrad blockade. In 1937, the artist was awarded a gold medal for the panel "The Day of the Soviet Union" in the Soviet pavilion of the international exhibition in Paris. Since 1942, Alexei Fedorovich has taught at the Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture named after I. E. Repin, and in 1949, he received the title of Professor. Pakhomov headed the Department of easel graphics. Alexei Fedorovich died on April 14, 1974, at the age of seventy-two years, in Leningrad and buried at the Bogoslovskoye cemetery. Pakhomov was awarded the second State prize of the USSR in 1973 posthumously for illustrations and design of the collection of stories by L. N. Tolstoy "Filipok" and "Alphabet". The artist's works are stored in the collections of the State Russian Museum, the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Chuvash state Art Museum, the Kemerovo Regional Museum of Fine Arts. Many of Alexei Pakhomov's lithographs and print posters can be found in the collections of the State Russian library, the Museum of the History of St. Petersburg and the Museum of Defence of Leningrad.
Матафанов, В. (1981) Алексей Федорович Пахомов. Москва: Изобразительное искусство.
Память Вологды. [online] Алексей Пахомов. Available at: https://www.booksite.ru/pahomov/index.htm
Пахомов, А. (1970) Про свою работу. Ленинград: Художник РСФСР.
Соснина, Л. cultinfo[online] Пахомов Алексей Федорович. Available at: http://cultinfo.ru/art/painting-and-schedule/pakhomov-alexey-fyodorovich.php
Трамвай Искусств. Советский плакат. [online]Пахомов Алексей Федорович. Available at: http://tramvaiiskusstv.ru/plakat/spisok-khudozhnikov/item/747-pakhomov-aleksej-fjodorovich-1900-1973.html